FCC Part95a - GMRS Rules and Regulations

General Mobile Radio Service

This information is for our GMRS repeater users


                    FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION RULES

                             PART 95, SUBPART A 
                           Personal Radio Services

                    GENERAL MOBILE RADIO SERVICE  (GMRS)

                          Current to March 20, 1993

GENERAL PROVISIONS

95.1  The General Mobile Radio Service (GMRS).

(a) The GMRS is a land mobile radio service available to persons for short-
distance two-way communications to facilitate the activities of licensees and
their immediate family members.  Each licensee manages a system consisting of
one or more stations. 

(b) Any entity eligible for licensing under this subpart is eligible to obtain
an authorization in the 31.0 to 31.3 GHz band for personal communications,
provided that the technical standards applicable to the band (as set out in
Part 94) are observed.  (Individuals applying for stations in the 31.0 to 31.3
GHz band for personal communications shall use application Form 402.)

95.3  License required.

Before any station transmits on any channel authorized in the GMRS from any
point (a geographical location) within or over the territorial limits of any
area where radio services are regulated by the FCC, the responsible party must
obtain a license (a written authorization from the FCC for a GMRS system).

95.5  License eligibility.

An individual (one man or one woman) is eligible to obtain, renew and have
modified a GMRS system license if that individual is 18 years of age or older
and is not a representative of a foreign government.  A non-individual (an
entity other than an individual) is ineligible to obtain a new GMRS system
license or to make a major modification to an existing GMRS system license
(see 95.71(e)).  Certain non-individuals are eligible to renew existing GMRS
system licenses (see 95.89(c) and (d)).

95.7  Channel sharing.

(a) Channels or channel pairs are available to GMRS systems only on a shared
basis and will not be assigned for the exclusive use of any licensee.  All
station operators and GMRS system licensees must cooperate in the selection
and use of channels to reduce interference and to make the most effective use
of the facilities.

(b) Licensees of GMRS systems suffering or causing harmful interference are
expected to cooperate and resolve this problem by mutually satisfactory
arrangements.  If the licensees are unable to do so, the FCC may impose
restrictions including specifying the transmitter power, antenna height, or
area or hours of operation of the stations concerned. Further, the use of any
frequency at a given geographical location may be denied when, in the judgment
of the FCC, its use in that location is not in the public interest; the use of
any channel or channel pair may be restricted as to specified geographical
areas, maximum power, and other operating conditions (see 95.71(d)).

CONSIDERATIONS WHEN PLANNING A GMRS SYSTEM

95.21  GMRS system description.

(a) A GMRS system is one or more transmitting units used by station operators
to communicate messages.  A GMRS system is comprised of:

     (1) One or more station operators;

     (2) One mobile station consisting of one or more mobile units (see
     95.23);

     (3) One or more land stations (optional); and

     (4) Paging receivers (optional).

(b) In certain areas, point-to-point GMRS systems may be comprised of fixed
stations only (see 95.47, 95.49 and 95.61).

(c) A GMRS system may be operated in:

     (1) Simplex mode.  (Only one station operator can speak at a time.)

     (2) Duplex mode.  (Two station operators can speak at the same time.  One
     or more stations transmit on one channel.  The other station(s)
     transmit(s) on the channel pair counterpart.)

     (3) A combined simplex-duplex mode.  (E.g., a mobile relay system with
     mobile units operating in simplex mode on a channel pair.)

95.23  Mobile station description.

(a) A mobile station is one or more units which transmit while moving or
during temporary stops at unspecified points.

(b) A mobile station unit may transmit from any point within or over any areas
where radio services are regulated by the FCC except where additional
considerations apply (see 95.37-95.49).

(c) A mobile station unit may transmit from an aircraft or ship, with the
captain's permission, which is:

     (1) Within or over any area where radio services are regulated by the FCC 
     except where additional restrictions apply; and

     (2) On or over international waters, if the unit is transmitting from an
     aircraft or ship of United States registry.

(d) A mobile station unit must not transmit from points within or over the
territorial limits of any area where radio services are regulated only by:

     (1) A foreign government; or

     (2) A United States government agency other than the FCC.

95.25  Land station description.

(a) A land station is a unit which transmits only from:

     (1) An exact point shown on the license; or

     (2) An unspecified point within an  operating area (an area within a
     circle centered on a point chosen by the applicant) as shown on the
     license, for a  temporary period (one year or less).

(b) The point from which every land station transmits must be within an area
where radio services are regulated by the FCC.

(c) Each land station is classified according to its communications points
(the other stations or paging receivers to which the station operator
communicates messages).  There are four land station classes:

     (1) Base station (see 95.55);

     (2) Mobile relay station (see 95.57);

     (3) Control station (see 95.59); and

     (4) Fixed station (see 95.61).

(d) A  small control station is any control station that:

     (1) Has an antenna no more than 6.1 meters (20 feet) above the ground or
     above the building or tree on which it is mounted (see 95.51); and

     (2) Is:

          (i) South of Line A or west of Line C (see 95.37); or

          (ii) North of Line A or east of Line C, and the station transmits
          with no more than 5 watts ERP (effective radiated power).

(e) A small base station is any base station that:

     (1) Has an antenna no more than 6.1 meters (20 feet) above the ground or
     above the building or tree on which it is mounted (see 95.51); and

     (2) Transmits with no more than 5 watts ERP.

(f) A land station may be licensed to transmit as more than one class.
(Example: A land station is licensed as both a base station and a control
station. When it is transmitting as a base station its communication points
are those of a base station (see 95.55). When it is transmitting as a control
station its communication points are those of a control station (see 95.59).)

95.27  Paging receiver description.

A paging receiver is a unit capable of receiving the radio signals from a base
station for the bearer to hear a page (someone's name or other identifier said
in order to find, summon or notify him/her) spoken by the base station
operator.

95.29  Channels available.

(a) The licensee of the GMRS system must select the transmitting channel or
channel pair for the stations in the GMRS system from the following lists:

     (1) For a base station, mobile relay station, fixed station or mobile
     station, the following 462 MHz (megahertz) channels:

          462.5500        462.5750       462.6000        462.6250
          462.6500        462.6750       462.7000 and    462.7250.

     (2) For a mobile station, control station or fixed station operated in
     the duplex mode, the following 467 MHz channels:

          467.5500        467.5750       467.6000        467.6250
          467.6500        467.6750       467.7000 and    467.7250.

     (3) As of December 31, 1993, the 467 MHz channels may be used only to
     transmit communications through a mobile relay station and for remotely
     controlling a mobile relay station.  As of December 31, 1993, no station
     in a GMRS system may transmit communications directly (not through a
     mobile relay station) on the 467 MHz channels.

(b) The FCC will normally assign only one channel or one  channel pair (one
462 MHz channel and its counterpart 5 MHz spaced 467 MHz channel) to a GMRS
system comprised of stations intended for operation in the simplex mode. A
second channel or channel pair will be assigned at the request of the
applicant.

(c) The FCC will normally assign only one channel pair to a GMRS system
comprised of stations intended for operation in the duplex mode. A second
channel pair will be assigned at the request of the applicant.

(d) No GMRS system may be assigned more than two channels or channel pairs.
Stations in certain GMRS systems may, however, also transmit on additional
frequencies listed in the following paragraphs, in accord with the conditions
specified.

(e) Mobile stations in a GMRS system licensed to an individual that is not
specifically authorized for the 462.675 MHz/467.675 MHz channel pair may
transmit on that channel pair with the following limitations:

     (1) The communications must be for the purpose of soliciting or rendering
     assistance to a traveler, or for communicating in an emergency pertaining
     to the immediate safety of life or the immediate protection of property;
     and

     (2) The frequency 467.675 MHz may be used only for the purpose of
     accessing and communicating through a mobile relay station transmitting
     on 462.675 MHz.

(f) Except for a GMRS system licensed to a non-individual, a mobile station or
a small base station operating in the simplex mode may transmit on the
following 462 MHz interstitial channels:

462.5625   462.5875   462.6125   462.6375   462.6625   462.6875 and  462.7125.

These channels may be used only under the following conditions:

     (1) Only voice type emissions may be transmitted;

     (2) The station does not transmit one-way pages; and

     (3) The station transmits with no more than 5 watts ERP.

(g) Fixed stations in GMRS systems authorized before March 18, 1968, located
160 kilometers (100 miles) or more from the geographic center of urbanized
areas of 200,000 or more population as defined in the U.S. Census of
Population, 1960, Vol. 1, Table 23, page 50 that were authorized to transmit
on channels other than those listed in this section may continue to transmit
on their originally assigned channels provided that they cause no interference
to the operation of stations in any of the Part 90 private land mobile radio
services.

95.31  Overlap of GMRS systems.

An entity may not have a base station or a mobile relay station for that
entity's GMRS system within 64.4 kilometers (40 miles) of a base station or a
mobile relay station for another GMRS system licensed to the same entity. 
Base stations and mobile relay stations licensed to the same entity in two
different GMRS systems less than 64.4 kilometers (40 miles) apart which were
authorized prior to October 16, 1983 are not subject to the provisions of this
rule.

95.33  Cooperative use of radio stations in the GMRS.

(a)  Licensees (a licensee is the entity to which the license is issued) of
radio stations in the GMRS may share the use of their stations with other
entities eligible in the GMRS, subject to the following conditions and
limitations.

     (1) The station to be shared must be individually owned by the licensee,
     jointly owned by the participants and the licensee, leased individually
     by the licensee, or leased jointly by the participants and the licensee.

     (2) The licensee must maintain access to and control over all stations
     authorized under its license.

     (3) A station may be shared only:

          (i) Without charge;

          (ii) On a non-profit basis, with contributions to capital and
          operating expenses including the cost of mobile stations and
          paging receivers prorated equitably among all participants; or

          (iii) On a reciprocal basis, i.e., use of one licensee's stations
          for the use of another licensee's stations without charge for either
          capital or operating expenses.

     (4) All sharing arrangements must be conducted in accordance with a
     written agreement to be kept as part of the station records.


(b) Participants in a cooperatively shared GMRS mobile relay or base station
may obtain a license for their own mobile station(s), provided that the
licensee of the shared GMRS station consents in writing to the issuance of
such authorization.

95.35  Multiple licensing of radio transmitting equipment in the GMRS.

Two or more persons licensed in the GMRS may use the same transmitting
equipment under the following terms and conditions:

     (a) Each licensee complies with the general operating requirements set
     out in 95.171 through 95.184 of the rules; and

     (b) Each licensee must have access to the transmitter for which the
     licensee is authorized.

95.37  Considerations near the Canadian border.

The United States and the Government of Canada coordinate channel assignments
to certain radio stations in areas along their common borders north of Line A
and east of Line C.  (See 1.955 of the FCC Rules.)

95.39  Considerations near FCC monitoring stations.

The FCC may impose additional restrictions on a land station in a GMRS system
if it is at a point within 4.8 kilometers (3 miles) of an FCC monitoring
facility and the station's transmissions degrade, obstruct, or repeatedly
interrupt the operation of the equipment at the FCC monitoring facility. 
Before applying for a license to put a land station at such a point, or before
applying to change anything in a station already licensed for such a point,
you should consult the FCC by writing to the Chief, Field Operations Bureau,
Federal Communications Commission, Washington, D.C. 20554.

95.41  Considerations in the National Radio Quiet Zone.

(a) The FCC may impose additional restrictions on a land station in a proposed
GMRS system, or one in a GMRS system proposed for modification, if the station
is proposed for or located at a point within the National Radio Quiet Zone (an
area within the states of Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia). The Zone is
the area bounded by:

     (1) 39 degrees 15 minutes N. on the North;

     (2) 78 degrees 30 minutes W. on the East;

     (3) 37 degrees 30 minutes N. on the South; and

     (4) 80 degrees 30 minutes W. on the West.

(b) When applying for a license to put a land station at a point in the
National Radio Quiet Zone, or when applying to change certain details in a
station already licensed for such a point, the applicant must send a notice to
the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (see 95.79).

(c) Restrictions may be imposed if the National Radio Astronomy Observatory
files an objection with the FCC within 20 days after the application is filed
with the FCC.

95.43  Considerations on environmentally or historically important land.

An application for a GMRS system which includes a land station at a point on
environmentally or historically important land (land located in areas
specified in 1.1305(a)(6) of the FCC Rules or land significant in American
history, architecture or culture) constitutes a major action as defined in
1.1305 of the Commission's rules, and must be accompanied by specified
statements (see 95.81).

95.45  Considerations on Department of Defense land.

The Department of Defense may impose additional restrictions on a
station transmitting on its land.  (Before applying to place or modify
a station at such a point, an applicant should consult with the commanding
officer in charge of the land.)

95.47  Considerations in large urban areas.

(a) No fixed station may be at any point within a large urban area.

(b) A control station at a point within a large urban area must have:

     (1) A directional antenna (at least 15 decibel front-to-back ratio); and

     (2) No more transmitter power than determined by a  control station power
     test (a test to determine the appropriate transmitter power (see Appendix
     A)).

(c) Where these Rules use the term large urban area, it means a circular
region extending out 121 kilometers (75 miles) in all directions around the
geographic center of certain cities.

(d) The large urban areas and their geographic centers are shown in
Appendix B.

(e) Control stations and fixed stations authorized before October 16, 1983
located beyond 121 kilometers (75) miles of the geographic center of urbanized
areas of 200,000 or more population as defined in the U.S. Census of
Population, 1960, Vol. 1, table 23, page 50, are not subject to the
restrictions of this rule section.

95.49  Considerations near large urban areas.

(a) A fixed station at a point near a large urban area must have:

     (1) A directional antenna (at least 15 decibel front-to-back ratio); and

     (2) No more than 15 watts transmitter power output.

(b) Where these Rules use the term near a large urban area, it means the
region within a circular band around a large urban area.  The band is 40
kilometers (25 miles) wide.  It begins at the rim of the large urban area, and
extends out 161 kilometers (l00 miles) around the geographic center of the
city.

(c) Fixed stations authorized before October 16, 1983 located beyond 161
kilometers (100 miles) of the geographic center of urbanized areas of 200,000
or more population as defined in the U.S. Census of Population, 1960, Vol. 1,
table 23, page 50, are not subject to the restrictions of this rule section.

95.51  Antenna height.

(a) A land station antenna (the land station's radiating structure (for
transmitting, receiving or both), including the tower, mast or pole supporting
it and everything attached to the structure) must not be a hazard to aircraft. 
The licensee of a GMRS system must get FCC permission (see 95.83) before the
uppermost tip of an antenna may be higher than normally allowed in paragraphs
(b), (c) and (d) of this rule section.

(b) Regardless of any other requirement of this rule section, an antenna may
always be at least:

     (1) 6.1 meters (20 feet) above the ground or above the building or tree
     upon which the antenna is mounted; or

     (2) equal to the height of an existing antenna to which the land station
     antenna is attached.

(c) The antenna may be as high as 61 meters (200 feet) above the ground,
unless it will be within 6.1 kilometers (20,000 feet) of an airport or
heliport.

(d) If the antenna is near an airport or heliport listed in the FAA's (Federal
Aviation Administration's) Airport Facilities Directory, or near an airport or
heliport operated by the Department of Defense, it must not be higher than:

     (1) One meter higher than the airport elevation for every 100 meters from
     the nearest runway if the runway is longer than one kilometer (3281
     feet), and is within 6.1 kilometers (20,000 feet) of the antenna; or

     (2) Two meters higher than the airport elevation for every 100 meters
     from the nearest runway if the runway is no longer than one kilometer
     (3281 feet), and is within 3.1 kilometers (10,000 feet) of the antenna;
     or

     (3) Four meters higher than the heliport elevation for every 100 meters
     from the nearest landing pad if the pad is within 1.5 kilometers (5,000
     feet) of the antenna.

(e) If the FCC grants permission to put an antenna higher than normally
allowed in paragraphs (b), (c) and (d) of this rule section, the licensee may
have to mark the antenna with bright paint and light it up at night (see Part
17 of the FCC Rules).

(f) The antenna for a small base station or for a small control station must
not be more than 6.1 meters (20 feet) above the ground or above the building
or tree on which it is mounted.

95.53  Mobile station communication points.

(a) A mobile station unit may transmit communications directly to:

     (1) Other mobile station units in the same GMRS system;

     (2) Mobile station units in any other GMRS system;

     (3) A base station in the same GMRS system; and

     (4) A base station in any other GMRS system.

(b) A mobile station unit may transmit communications through a mobile relay
station in the same GMRS system to:

     (1) Other mobile station units in the same GMRS system;

     (2) Control stations in the same GMRS system; and

     (3) Mobile station units in any other GMRS system.

(c) A mobile station unit authorized to transmit on a channel assigned to a
mobile relay station in another GMRS system may transmit communications
through that mobile relay station to:

     (1) Mobile stations in the other GMRS system; and

     (2) Control stations in the other GMRS system.

(d) A mobile station unit in a GMRS system licensed to an individual
authorized to transmit on a channel assigned to a mobile relay station in
another GMRS system may transmit communications through that mobile relay
station with the permission of the licensee of the other GMRS system to:

     (1) Other mobile station units in the same GMRS system; and

     (2) Mobile station units in another GMRS system having permission to
     transmit communications through the mobile relay station.

(e) A mobile station unit must not transmit communications to:

     (1) Any fixed station;

     (2) Any control station directly;

     (3) Any station in the Amateur Radio Service;

     (4) Any unauthorized station; or

     (5) Any foreign station.

(f) A mobile station unit must not transmit communications through a mobile
relay station in another GMRS system, for retransmission to:

     (1) Other mobile station units in its own GMRS system, unless:

         (i) The mobile station units are in a GMRS system licensed to an
         individual; and

         (ii) The licensee of the other GMRS system has given permission to
         use the mobile relay station for this purpose.

     (2) A control station in its own GMRS system or

     (3) Any station in any GMRS system other than the system which includes
     the mobile relay station.

(g) A mobile station unit may transmit communications as a radio control link
(see 95.127) to a remotely controlled station.

95.55  Base station communication points.

(a) A base station may transmit communications directly to:

     (1) Mobile station units in the same GMRS system;

     (2) Mobile station units in any other GMRS system; and

     (3) Paging receivers in the same GMRS system.

(b) A base station must not transmit communications to:

     (1) Any mobile relay station;

     (2) Any base station;

     (3) Any paging receiver not in the same GMRS system;

     (4) Any fixed station;

     (5) Any control station;

     (6) Any station in the Amateur Radio Service;

     (7) Any unauthorized station; or

     (8) Any foreign station.

95.57 Mobile relay station communication points.

(a) A mobile relay station in a GMRS system may automatically (without
immediate thought or action by the station operator) retransmit communications
between:

     (1) A mobile station unit in the same GMRS system and:

         (i) Another mobile station unit in the same GMRS system; or

         (ii) A control station in the same GMRS system.

     (2) A mobile station unit in any other GMRS system and:

         (i) Another mobile station unit in the same GMRS system as the mobile
         relay station; or

         (ii) A control station in the same GMRS system as the mobile relay
         station.

(b) A mobile relay station in a GMRS system must not automatically retransmit
communications between:

     (1) A mobile station unit in any other GMRS system and another unit of
     the same mobile station, unless:

         (i) The other GMRS system is licensed to an individual; and

         (ii) The licensee of the GMRS system with the mobile relay station
         has given permission to use the mobile relay station for this
         purpose;

     (2) Any control station and any other control station;

     (3) Any other mobile relay station and any station;

     (4) Any base station and any station; or

     (5) Any fixed station and any station.

95.59  Control station communication points.

(a) A control station may transmit communications as a radio control link (see
95.127) to a remotely controlled station.

(b) A control station may transmit communications through a mobile relay
station to:

     (1) Mobile station units in the same GMRS system as the control station;
     and

     (2) Mobile station units in any other GMRS system.

(c) A control station must not transmit communications to any other station.

95.61  Fixed station communication points.

(a) A fixed station may transmit communications from the point authorized for
it on the license to another fixed station in the same GMRS system at the
point authorized for it on the license.

(b) A fixed station must not transmit communications to any other station.

APPLYING FOR A GMRS SYSTEM LICENSE

95.71  Applying for a new or modified license.

(a) An individual applies for a license for a new GMRS system by filling out
an application form and attaching all additional information required.  An
individual applies to modify a license for an existing GMRS system using the
same form and in the same manner as applying for a new GMRS system.
Individuals should submit their applications, together with the filing fee, to
the
                  Federal Communications Commission
                  General Mobile Service
                  P.O. Box 360373M
                  Pittsburgh, PA 15251-6373

(b) An applicant for a General Mobile Radio Service system license, sharing a
multiply-licensed mobile relay station, may operate the system for a period of
180 days, under a Temporary Permit, evidenced by a properly-executed
certification made on FCC Form 574-T, after mailing FCC Form 574 to the
Commission.

(c) The application will be returned to the applicant if it is defective.  An
application is  defective if:

     (1) The form is not completely filled out;

     (2) All necessary additional information is not included; or

     (3) All necessary certifications have not been made (see , e.g.,
     95.79(g)(2), (o) and (p)).

(d) The Commission may, without a hearing, grant an application in part or
subject to terms or conditions or with privileges other than those requested. 
Such an action is presumed to be a grant of the application unless the
applicant files a written rejection of the grant as made within 30 days from
the date of the grant or the effective date of the grant, whichever is later.
If the Commission receives rejection of such a grant, the Commission will
vacate its original action and will set the application for hearing.

(e) A non-individual may not obtain a new GMRS system license. A
non-individual that held a GMRS system license issued before July 31, 1987,
may not make the following major modifications:

     (1) Change the area of operation of the GMRS system;

     (2) Add any stations to the GMRS system;

     (3) Increase the number of units of the mobile station;

     (4) Change the location of any land station in the GMRS system;

     (5) Add one or more channels or channel pairs and/or change the assigned
     channel(s) or channel pair(s);

     (6) Increase the transmitter power of any station in the GMRS system; or

     (7) Increase the height of a station antenna in the GMRS system.

(f) A GMRS system licensee may notify the FCC of a change of name or a change
of mailing address by sending a letter to the Federal Communications
Commission, Gettysburg, PA 17326.  This does not, however, permit GMRS system
license transferability (see 95.109).  Nor does this suffice for corporate
transfer of control -- the provisions of 95.111 apply instead.

95.73  System licensing.

(a) Application for a license for a new GMRS system or application to modify a
licensed GMRS system is made on Form 574. The applicant must follow the 
Instructions for Completion of FCC Form 574 (available at FCC Field Offices).

(b) One set of forms must be used for each system the applicant wants the FCC
to license.

(c) One form must be used to apply for the following stations in a GMRS
system:

     (1) The mobile stations;

     (2) All small base stations (see 95.25(e));

     (3) All small control stations (see 95.25(d)); and

     (4) All other land stations (at no more than 6 locations).

(d) An additional form must be used to apply for every six land stations in a
GMRS system that cannot be listed in the preceding form.

(e) Form 574-T, Temporary Permit for a General Mobile Radio Service System,
should be used if applicant is eligible and desires to operate the station
pending the processing of the application.  (See also 95.71(b).)

95.75  Basic information.

The following information is required in all applications for a license
for a new or modified GMRS system:

     (a) Applicant's name (see 95.5);

     (b) Applicant's  mailing address (an address in the United States where 
     mail from the FCC can be received);

     (c) Transmitting channel or channel pair requested (see 95.29);

     (d) Station class;

     (e) Number of transmitter units in a mobile station (see 95.23);

     (f) Number of land stations in each class (see 95.25);

     (g) Transmitter power as follows:

         (1) Transmitter output power in watts for all stations.

         (2) Station ERP in watts for all stations other than mobile stations,
          small base stations and small control stations.

     (h) Each land station point (except small base stations and small control
     stations);

         (1) Latitude and longitude within one second; and

         (2) Street address (if none, local directions to the station);

     (i) Each control point for each remotely controlled land station (see 
     95.127), including small base stations and small control stations;

         (1) Street address (if none, local directions to the control point);
         or

         (2) Call sign of any control station already licensed to the 
         applicant for that point;

     (j) Antenna height (see 95.51) and antenna ground elevation for each land
     station, except for small base stations and small control stations;

     (k) Communications services (see 95.101(c)) the proposed GMRS system
     would provide to, or receive from, any other individual or entity;

     (l) Age eligibility statement (where required -- see 95.5);

     (m) Area of operation;

     (n) Emission designator.  In the GMRS, emission F3E will be considered to
     include use of a selective calling tone or a tone or digitally operated
     squelch (a tone code used to address a particular station) in conjunction
     with voice communications;

     (o) Foreign government certification, if applicable (see 95.5);

     (p) Frequency claim waiver certification, if applicable; and

     (q) Applicant's signature (see 95.87).

95.77  Additional information for GMRS systems with four or more land
stations.

(a) An application for a new or modified GMRS system having land stations
(except for small control stations or small base stations) at 4 or more
locations must include a  functional system diagram (a drawing showing details
of the GMRS system, including the points between which communications with
other stations in the system will be exchanged.)

(b) [Reserved.]

95.79  Additional information for stations in the National Radio Quiet Zone

An application for a license for a new or modified GMRS system having a land
station at a point within the National Radio Quiet Zone (see 95.41) must:

(a) Send a notice to:

               Director, National Radio Astronomy Observatory
               P.O. Box 2
               Green Bank, West Virginia  24944

(b) Provide the following details about the proposed station in the notice:

     (1) Antenna point (latitude and longitude);

     (2) Antenna height;

     (3) Antenna directivity;

     (4) Transmitting channel(s);

     (5) Emission; and

     (6) Transmitter output.

(c) Include in the application to the FCC the date the notice was sent to the
Observatory.

95.81  Additional information for stations on environmentally or historically
important land.

An application for a license for a new or modified GMRS system having a land
station at a point on environmentally or historically important land (see
95.43) may constitute a major action and must be accompanied by specified
statements. The applicant must refer to Subpart I of Part 1 of the FCC Rules
to determine what additional information must be included with the
application.

95.83  Additional information for stations with antennas higher than normally
allowed.

(a) An applicant for a license for a new or modified GMRS system seeking
permission to have a land station antenna higher than normally allowed (see
95.51) must:

     (1) Request (on FCC Form 574) an antenna height greater than normally
     allowed; and

     (2) Notify the Federal Aviation Administration (on FAA Form 7460-1) that
     the antenna would be higher than normally allowed.

(b) Each base station and each control station with an antenna height greater
than 6.1 meters (20 feet) must be separately identified on Form 574 (see
95.25(d) and (e) and 95.51(f)).

95.85  Additional information for stations near United States borders.

For a new or modified GMRS system having a land station at a point north of
Line A, east of Line C, or at any point close to any United States border
where interference to a station in another country could occur, an applicant
may include additional data on FCC Form 574-B if the land station:

     (a) Does not have vertical polarization;

     (b) Does not have an omnidirectional azimuth;

     (c) Has an associated control station with other than a directional
     antenna having its azimuth of maximum radiation directed towards the land
     station;

     (d) Has an associated control station with other than 20 degrees
     beamwidth; or

     (e) Is part of a GMRS system that includes stations or units intended for
     communications with stations or units in other GMRS systems or in other
     radio services. Provision of this information will enable the Commission
     to seek greater interference protection for the station from foreign
     stations.

95.87  Signature.

(a) If the applicant is an individual, he/she must sign the application.

(b) If the applicant is any other entity, the following individual must sign
the application:

     If the entity is:               The individual who signs is:

     (1) A partnership               A partner;

     (2) A corporation               An officer, director, or employee;

     (3) An association              An officer;

     (4) A governmental unit         An official.

95.89  Renewing a license.

(a) The licensee of a GMRS system may apply to the FCC to renew the license
for another term (see 95.105) by filling out FCC Form 574-R (or FCC Form 405-A
when the licensee has not gotten FCC Form 574-R within 30 days of the
expiration of the license) and sending it to:

                     Federal Communications Commission
                     574R Land Mobile Renewal
                     P.O. Box 360559M
                     Pittsburgh, PA 15251-6559

(unless the licensee is a governmental entity, in which case the renewal
application should be sent to Federal Communications Commission, Gettysburg,
PA  17326).

(b) If the renewal application is sent to the FCC before the existing license
term expires, the renewal application is timely filed. Except for GMRS systems
whose licenses may not be renewed (see 95.89(c)(3) and 95.89(d)), stations in
a GMRS system whose application is timely filed may continue to transmit under
the expired license until the FCC acts on the renewal application.  A copy of
the renewal application sent to the FCC must be kept in the GMRS system
records (see 95.113) until the renewed license, or notification of other FCC
action, is received.

(c) A GMRS system licensed to a non-individual before July 31, 1987, is
eligible to renew that license and all subsequent licenses based upon it if:

     (1) The non-individual is:

         (i) A partnership, and each partner is 18 years of age or older;

         (ii) A corporation;

         (iii) An association;

         (iv) A state, territorial or local government unit; or

         (v) Other legal entity;

     (2) The non-individual is not:

         (i) A foreign government;

         (ii) A representative of a foreign government; or

         (iii) A federal government agency; and

     (3) The licensee has not been granted any of the modifications to its
     GMRS system license specified in 95.71(e).

(d) A GMRS system licensed to a non-individual on or after July 31, 1987, may
not be renewed.

(e) If a GMRS system license is allowed to expire, the former licensee may
file an application to reinstate the expired license within six months after
the expiration date. The application to reinstate must be accompanied by a
renewal application.  An expired GMRS system license for which a timely
renewal application has not been filed is not valid.  No station of such a
GMRS system may transmit until the licensee has received a new GMRS system
license based on the late-filed renewal application.

MANAGING A GMRS SYSTEM

95.101 What the license authorizes.

(a) A license authorizes the licensee to manage the GMRS system only as:

     (1) The Rules require;

     (2) The license specifies;

     (3) Proposed by the entity in the license application; and

     (4) Shown on the functional system diagram (where applicable).

(b) The license does not authorize operation as a common carrier or
communication of messages for pay.

(c) If the licensee is a corporation and the license so indicates, it may use
its GMRS system to furnish non-profit radio communication service to its
parent corporation, to another subsidiary of the same parent, or to its own
subsidiary.  Such use is not subject to the cooperative use provisions of
95.33.

95.103 Licensee duties.

(a) The licensee is responsible for the proper operation of the GMRS system at
all times.

(b) The licensee must have access to the station equipment and be able to
disable it.  A licensee using multiply licensed transmitting equipment may
satisfy this requirement by entering an arrangement with other licensees using
the same equipment to select one of their number to have primary access
responsibility.

(c) When the information about the licensee stated on the license changes, the
licensee must take the following step(s):

     (1) The licensee must notify the FCC in writing in the event of a name or
     mailing address change (see 95.117(b)).  The notice must show the name
     and mailing address as they appear on the license, the station call
     sign(s), and the new name or new mailing address.  A copy of the notice
     must be kept as part of the GMRS system records (see 95.113).  (FCC Forms
     405-A or 574-R may be used for this purpose.)

     (2) If the status of a non-individual GMRS system licensee changes (for
     example, when a corporation is dissolved and a new corporation stands in
     its place, or a partnership becomes a corporation), the licensee must
     send the license to the FCC for cancellation (see 95.117(b)).

95.105 License term.

A license for a GMRS system is usually issued for a 5-year term. (The FCC
prints the expiration date on the license.)

95.107 Keeping the license.

(a) The licensee must keep the license document until:

     (1) The license expires; or

     (2) The license is terminated by the FCC; or

     (3) The licensee obtains a different license for the GMRS system.

(b) The license must be kept as part of the GMRS system records (see 95.113).

(c) The license may be photocopied for any lawful purpose.

(d) If the license is lost, the licensee must request a duplicate document
from the FCC (see 95.117(b)(3)).

(e) If the license is no longer desired, it must be sent to the FCC (see
95.117(b)(6)) with a written request that it be canceled.  (Forms 405-A and
574-R may be used for this purpose.)

95.109 License not transferable.

(a) The licensee must not transfer, assign, sell or give the license for a
GMRS system to any other entity except in accordance with the provisions of
95.111.

(b) If the licensee sells or gives away the GMRS system equipment, the new
owner must obtain a new license before using it (see 95.71), unless the new
owner intends to use the equipment with an already licensed GMRS system.

95.111 Transfer of control of a corporation.

If the licensee of a GMRS system is a corporation, and there is a change in
the control of the corporation, the licensee must request consent for the
change of control from the FCC on Form 703 (see 95.117(b)(5)). The FCC
document granting such consent must be kept as part of the GMRS system records
(see 95.113).

95.113 System records.

(a) The licensee must keep records for the GMRS system for the license term
(see 95.105), except that the licensee need not keep authorizations which have
expired.

(b) GMRS system records include the following documents (where applicable):

     (1) The license (see 95.107);

     (2) [Reserved.]

     (3) Copies of letters from the licensee to the FCC concerning name or
     mailing address changes (see 95.103);

     (4) Copies of answers to discrepancy notices;

     (5) An STA or waiver of these Rules;

     (6) A copy of any renewal application submitted to the FCC and not yet
     acted upon (see 95.89(b));

     (7) A copy of the measurements and calculations (see Appendix A) made
     during a control station power (see 95.47);

     (8) A copy of the functional system diagram (see 95.77);

     (9) A copy of the agreement under which any station in the GMRS system is
     cooperatively shared (see 95.33);

     (10) A copy of the FCC consent to a licensee corporation's change in its
     corporate control (see 95.111); and

     (11) A temporary permit.

95.115 Station inspection.

If an authorized FCC representative requests to inspect any station in a GMRS
system, the licensee or station operator must make the station available.  If
an authorized FCC representative requests to inspect the GMRS system records
(see 95.113), the licensee must make them available.

95.117 Where to contact the FCC.

(a) Write to:
                         The nearest FCC Field Office

     (1) For application forms (see 95.73 and 95.87);

     (2) For instruction forms (see 95.73);

     (3) To complain about interference; or

     (4) To find out if the FCC has type-accepted a certain transmitter for
     use in the GMRS (see 95.129).

(b) Write to:
                     Federal Communications Commission
                     Attention: GMRS
                     Gettysburg, Pennsylvania  17326

     (1) To ask a question about an application or about these Rules;

     (2) [Reserved.]

     (3) To request a duplicate license (see 95.107);

     (4) To notify the FCC of a new name or mailing address (see 95.103);

     (5) To request consent to the change in the control of a licensee
     corporation (see 95.111);

     (6) To return a license to the FCC for cancellation (see 95.103 and
     95.107); or

     (7) To file a request for an STA or waiver of these rules.

(c) [Reserved.]

95.119 Station identification.

(a) Except as provided in paragraph (e) of this section, every station in a
GMRS system and every mobile station unit must transmit a station
identification:

     (1) Following the transmission of communications or a series of
     communications; and

     (2) Every 15 minutes during a long transmission.

(b) The station identification is the call sign assigned to:

     (1) The GMRS system; or

     (2) The station in the GMRS system transmitting communications.

(c) A unit number may be included after the call sign in the identification.

(d) The station identification must be clearly transmitted in:

     (1) Voice in the English language, with each letter and digit separately
     and distinctly transmitted (letters may be said using a phonetic
     alphabet); or

     (2) International Morse code telegraphy with a keyed tone (400 to 2,000
     Hertz) between 8.34 and 20.85 baud (ten to twenty-five words per minute). 
     The transmitted frequency deviation must be between l,500 and 2,500
     Hertz.  Should delayed or periodic activation of automatic Morse Code
     identification equipment interrupt the communications of another
     co-channel licensee, the Commission may require the use of equipment
     which will inhibit automatic station identification when co-channel
     communications are in progress.

(e) A station need not identify its transmissions if it automatically
retransmits communications from another station which are properly identified.

95.121 Transmitting channel.

Each station in a GMRS system must transmit only on the channel(s) or channel
pair(s) (see 95.7 and 95.29) printed on the license for that station, or
authorized by these Rules for use by that station (see 95.29(e) and (1)).

95.123 Sharing a station or sharing equipment.

Every station in a GMRS system which is cooperatively shared (see 95.33) must
be managed by the licensee in accordance with the written agreement and in
accordance with the provisions of 95.33.  Licensees sharing multiply licensed
equipment must do so in accordance with the provisions of 95.35.

95.125 Station control point.

(a) Each station in a GMRS system must have a control point (where the station
operator can perform the required duties (see 95.173)).

(b) The control point for each station must be at that station, unless the
license authorizes the station to be controlled from a remote point.

95.127 Controlling a station from a remote point.

(a) A station operator in a GMRS system may control the station from a remote
point through a  control link (a connection between the remote control point
and the remotely controlled station).  The control link must be either:

     (1) A wireline control link (solely for purposes of transmitter control
     (see 95.181(i)(13)); or

     (2) A radio control link.

(b) The remotely controlled station must not make unauthorized transmissions.

     (c) The station operator must perform the required duties (see 95.173)
     when controlling the station from a remote point the same as when
     controlling it locally at the station point.  Should the control link
     fail to function so that the station operator cannot perform the required
     duties, the remotely controlled station must not transmit.

(c) The station operator must perform the required duties (see 95.173) when
controlling the station from a remote point the same as when controlling it
locally at the station point.  Should the control link fail to function so
that the station operator cannot perform the required duties, the remotely
controlled station must not transmit.

(d) The FCC does not consider a station in a GMRS system as being remotely
controlled if the connection is a wireline or mechanical control link, and the
station and its control point are both:

     (1) On the same vehicle; or

     (2) At the same street address, or within 152 meters (500 feet) of each
     other.

(e) Any device used to establish a wireline control link which is attached to
the public switched telephone network after April 1, 1976 must be registered
with the FCC and must comply with the standards incorporated in a registration
program to protect the public switched telephone network from harm (see Part
68 of the FCC Rules).

95.129 Station equipment.

(a) Every station in a GMRS system must use transmitters the FCC has type-
accepted for use in the GMRS. Write to any FCC Field Office to find out if a
particular transmitter has been type-accepted for the GMRS. All station
equipment in a GMRS system must comply with the technical rules in Part 95,
Subpart E of these rules.

(b) No transmitter may be used as a station in a GMRS system which:

     (1) Is not FCC type-accepted for use in the GMRS;

     (2) Has been internally modified to make it different from the FCC
     type-accepted model (see 95.133); or

     (3) [Reserved.]

(c) A land station in a GMRS system must use a directional antenna if it is a:

     (1) Control station at a point within a large urban area (see 95.47); or

     (2) Fixed station at a point near a large urban area (see 95.49).

(d) Every small base station and every small control station must use an
antenna no more than 6.1 meters (20 feet) high (see 95.25(d) and (e)).

95.131 Servicing station transmitters.

(a) The GMRS system licensee shall be responsible for the proper operation of
all stations in the GMRS system at all times and is expected to provide for
observations, servicing and maintenance as often as may be necessary to ensure
proper operation.

(b) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, test signals during
internal adjustment to a station transmitter must be made using a
non-radiating simulated antenna.

(c) Brief test signals using a radiating antenna may be transmitted to adjust
the antenna to the station transmitter or to detect or measure spurious
radiation.  These test transmissions must not be longer than one minute during
any five minute period.  These test transmissions shall not interfere with
communications already in progress on the operating frequency, and shall be
properly identified as required, but may be otherwise unmodulated as
appropriate.

95.133 Modification to station transmitters.

(a) No internal changes may be made in a transmitter used in a station in a
GMRS system to make the transmitter different from the FCC type-accepted model
(see 95.129).

(b) One FCC type-accepted model may be converted to another FCC type-accepted
model if the conversion is done:

     (1) By the original manufacturer of the transmitter.

     (2) In accordance with the original manufacturer's instructions.

95.135 Transmitter power limits.

(a) No station may transmit with more than 50 watts output power.

(b) A control station at a point within a large urban area must not transmit
with more output power than the licensee determines by a test (see 95.47 and
Appendix A). The licensee must keep a copy of the measurements and
calculations made during this test as part of the GMRS system records (see
95.113).

(c) A small control station at a point north of Line A or east of Line C must
transmit with no more than 5 watts ERP.

(d) A fixed station at a point near a large urban area must transmit with no
more than 15 watts output power (see 95.49).

(e) A small base station must transmit with no more than 5 watts ERP.

95.137 Moving a small base station or a small control station.

(a) A small base station (see 95.25(e)) or a small control station (see
95.25(d)) in a GMRS system may be moved from the point specified on the
license to any other point where radio services are regulated by the FCC.

(b) The licensee must file an application to modify the GMRS system (see
95.71) to show the new point within 30 days after the small base station or
the small control station is moved.

95.139 Adding a small base station or a small control station.

(a) Except for a GMRS system licensed to a non-individual, one or more small
base stations or small control stations may be added to a GMRS system at any
point where radio services are regulated by the FCC.

(b) The licensee must file an application to modify the GMRS system (see
95.71) within 30 days after each small base station or small control station
is added.

(c) Non-individual licensees may not add any small base stations or small
control stations to their GMRS systems.

95.141 Interconnection prohibited.

No station in a GMRS system may be interconnected to the public switched
telephone network, except as and in accordance with the requirements and
restrictions applied to a wireline control link (see 95.127).

95.143 Managing a GMRS system in an emergency.

(a) The stations in a GMRS system must cease transmitting when the station
operator of any station on the same channel is communicating an  emergency
message (concerning the immediate protection of property or the safety of
someone's life).

(b) If necessary to communicate an emergency message from a station in a GMRS
system, the licensee may permit:

     (1) Anyone to be the station operator (see 95.179); and

     (2) The station operator to communicate the emergency message to any
     radio station.

OPERATING A GMRS SYSTEM

95.171 Station operator at control point.

When a station in a GMRS system is transmitting, it must have a station
operator.  The station operator must be at the control point (see 95.125) for
that station.  The same person may be the operator for more than one station
at the same time.

95.173 Station operator duties.

The station operator:

     (a) Communicates messages (see 95.181);

     (b) Controls the station by:

          (1) Causing it to transmit and to cease transmitting;

          (2) Taking all necessary and reasonable precautions to assure that
          unauthorized or improper operations do not occur.

          (3) Refraining from making any transmissions that may have the
          reasonably anticipated effect of causing improper operation of
          others' equipment; and

          (4) In cases of recurrent interference, obeying any Commission-
          imposed additional requirements or restrictions.

95.175 Cooperation in sharing channels.

The station operator must cooperate in  sharing each channel with station
operators of other stations by:

     (a) Monitoring the channel before initiating transmissions;

     (b) Waiting until ongoing communications are completed before initiating
     transmissions;

     (c) Engaging in only permissible communications (see 95.181); and

     (d) Limiting transmissions to the minimum practicable transmission time.

95.177 Responsibility for station operator's communications.

The licensee is responsible for all communications made by station operators
in the GMRS system.  (The licensee should be certain every station operator
understands and complies with these Rules.)

95.179 Individuals who may be station operators.

(a) An individual GMRS system licensee may permit his/her immediate family
members living in the same household to be station operators in his/her GMRS
system.  They may communicate messages about the licensee's personal
activities and about the licensee's business activities.  Immediate family
members are the:

     (1) Licensee;

     (2) Licensee's spouse;

     (3) Licensee's children, grandchildren, stepchildren;

     (4) Licensee's parents, grandparents, stepparents;

     (5) Licensee's brothers, sisters;

     (6) Licensee's aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews; and

     (7) Licensee's in-laws.

(b) In a GMRS system licensed to a non-individual, eligible station operators
are limited to the persons listed in subparagraph (1) with the conditions
listed in subparagraph (2), as follows:

     (1) Only the following persons may be permitted to operate under the
     authority of a GMRS system licensed to a non-individual:

     If the GMRS system licensee is    These persons may be station operators:

       (i) A partnership                 Licensee's partners and employees;
      (ii) A corporation                 Licensee's officers, directors,
                                           members and  employees;
     (iii) An association                Licensee's members and employees;
      (iv) A governmental unit           Licensee's employees.

     (2) These persons may only communicate messages about the licensee's
     business activities.  Employees of the licensee may communicate messages
     while acting within the scope of their employment, and only about the
     licensee's business activities.

(c) The licensee may permit a telephone answering service employee to be a
station operator if:

     (1) That employee only communicates messages received for the licensee to
     the licensee;

     (2) The station equipment at the telephone answering point is not shared
     in any other GMRS system; and

     (3) The station at the telephone answering service point is not
     interconnected to the public switched telephone network.

(d) The station operator of a GMRS system licensed to an individual may be a
station operator in any other GMRS system if he/she has permission from the
licensee of the other GMRS system.

(e) The provisions of 95.33 regarding cooperative use do not apply to or
govern the authority of a GMRS licensee to designate station operators in
accordance with the provisions of this section.

(f) Except for emergency communications (see95.143), only persons specified in
paragraphs (a) through (d) may be GMRS station operators.

95.181 Permissible communications.

(a) A station operator for an individual who is licensed in the GMRS (other
than an employee of that individual) may communicate two-way voice messages
concerning the licensee's personal or business activities (see 95.179).

(b) [Reserved.]

(c) A station operator for any entity other than an individual licensed in the
GMRS may communicate two-way voice messages concerning the licensee's business
activities (see 95.179). An employee for an entity other than an individual
licensed in the GMRS may, as a station operator, communicate two-way voice
messages while acting within the scope of his/her employment.

(d) A station operator for any GMRS licensee may communicate two-way voice
messages concerning:

     (1) Emergencies (see 95.143);

     (2) Rendering assistance to a motorist; and

     (3) Civil defense drills, if the responsible agency requests assistance.

(e) All messages must be in  plain language (without codes or hidden
meanings).  They may be in a foreign language, except for call signs (see
95.119).

(f) A station operator may communicate tone messages for purposes of
identification or transmitter control in a control link (see 95.127).  (The
FCC treats a control tone as voice in this case.)

(g) A station operator may communicate a selective calling tone or tone
operated squelch only in conjunction with a voice communication. If the tone
is  subaudible (300 Hertz or less), it may be communicated during the entire
voice message.  If the tone is audible (more than 300 Hertz), it may be
communicated for no more than 15 seconds at a time.

(h) A station operator may communicate a one-way voice page to a paging
receiver.  A selective calling tone or tone operated squelch may be used in
conjunction with a voice page, as prescribed in paragraph (g).  A station
operator may not communicate a tone-only page (tones communicated in order to
find, summon or notify someone).

(i) A station operator must not communicate:

     (1) Messages for hire, whether the remuneration received is direct or
     indirect;

     (2) Messages in connection with any activity which is against Federal,
     State or local law;

     (3) False or deceptive messages;

     (4) Coded messages or messages with hidden meanings ("10-codes" are
     permitted);

     (5) Intentional interference;

     (6) Music, whistling, sound effects or material to amuse or entertain;
     
     (7) Sounds only to attract attention;

     (8) Obscene, profane or indecent words, language or meaning;

     (9) Advertisements or offers for the sale of goods or services;

     (10) Advertisements for a political candidate or political campaign
     (messages about the campaign business may be communicated);

     (11) International distress signals, such as the word "Mayday" (except
     when on a ship, aircraft or other vehicle in immediate danger to ask for
     help);

     (12) Programs (live or delayed) intended for radio or television station
     broadcast (messages about news items or program preparation may be
     communicated);

     (13) Messages which are both conveyed by a wireline control link and
     transmitted by a GMRS station (see 95.127);

     (14) Messages (except emergency messages) to any station in the Amateur
     Radio Service, to any unauthorized station, or to any foreign station;

     (15) Continuous or uninterrupted transmissions, except for communications
     involving the immediate safety of life or property; or

     (16) Messages for public address systems.

(j) A station operator in a GMRS system licensed to a telephone answering
service must not transmit any communications to customers of the telephone
answering service.

APPENDICES

Appendix A to Part 95  --  Making a Control Station Power Test.

(a) A unit of the mobile station is brought to the control station or to a
point within 402 meters (1/4 mile) of the control station.

(b) The strength of the signal received at the terminals of the feedline to
the antenna of the remotely controlled station produced by transmissions of
the unit of your mobile station must be measured.

(c) The directional antenna of the control station must be aimed so that
transmissions from it produce the greatest signal strength at the terminals of
the feedline to the antenna of the remotely controlled station.

(d) The transmitter output power of the control station must be adjusted (see
95.135) so that the signal strength produced at the terminals of the feedline
to the antenna of the remotely controlled station is no more than 6 decibels
more than that produced by the unit of the mobile station.  The maximum
transmitter output power permitted any GMRS station must not be exceeded (see
95.135).

(e) A record must be made of each control station power test and kept as part
of the GMRS system records.

Appendix B:  Where the Large Urban Areas Are Located.

   City                                  Latitude        Longitude

   Akron, OH                             41 05 00         81 30 44
   Albany, Schenectady, Troy, NY         42 39 01         73 45 01
   Albuquerque, NM                       35 05 01        106 39 05
   Allentown, Bethlehem, Easton, PA/NJ   40 36 11         75 28 06
   Ann Arbor, MI                         42 16 59         83 44 52
   Atlanta, GA                           33 45 10         84 23 37
   Augusta, GA/SC                        33 28 20         81 58 00
   Austin, TX                            30 16 09         97 44 37
   Bakersfield, CA                       35 22 31        119 01 16
   Baltimore, MD                         39 17 26         76 36 45
   Baton Rouge, LA                       30 26 58         91 11 00
   Birmingham, AL                        33 31 01         86 48 36
   Boston, MA                            42 21 24         71 03 25
   Bridgeport, CT                        41 10 49         73 11 22
   Buffalo, NY                           42 52 52         78 52 21
   Canton, OH                            40 47 50         81 22 37
   Charleston, SC                        32 46 35         79 55 53
   Charlotte, NC                         35 13 44         80 50 45
   Chattanooga, TN/GA                    35 02 41         85 18 32
   Chicago, IL-Northwestern IN           41 52 28         87 38 22
   Cincinnati, OH/KY                     39 06 07         84 30 35
   Cleveland, OH                         41 29 51         81 41 50
   Colorado Springs, CO                  38 50 07        104 49 16
   Columbia, SC                          34 00 02         81 02 00
   Columbus, GA/AL                       32 28 07         84 59 24
   Columbus, OH                          39 57 47         83 00 17
   Corpus Christi, TX                    27 47 51         97 23 45
   Dallas, Fort Worth, TX                32 47 09         96 47 37
   Davenport, Rock Island, Moline, IA/IL 41 31 00         90 35 00
   Dayton, OH                            39 45 32         84 11 43
   Denver, CO                            39 44 58        104 59 22
   Des Moines, IA                        41 35 14         93 37 00
   Detroit, MI                           42 19 48         83 02 57
   El Paso, TX                           31 45 36        106 29 11
   Fayetteville, NC                      35 03 00         78 53 00
   Flint, MI                             43 00 50         83 41 33
   Fort Lauderdale, Hollywood, FL        26 07 00         80 09 00
   Fort Wayne, IN                        41 04 21         85 08 26
   Fresno, CA                            36 44 12        119 47 11
   Grand Rapids, MI                      42 58 03         85 40 13
   Greensville, SC                       34 50 50         82 24 01
   Harrisburg, PA                        40 15 43         76 52 59
   Hartford, CT                          41 46 12         72 40 49
   Honolulu, HI                          21 19 00        157 52 00
   Houston, TX                           29 45 26         95 21 37
   Indianapolis, IN                      39 46 07         86 09 46
   Jackson, MS                           32 17 56         90 11 06
   Jacksonville, FL                      30 19 44         81 39 42
   Kansas City, MO/KS                    39 04 56         94 35 20
   Knoxville, TN                         35 57 39         83 55 07
   Lansing, MI                           42 44 01         84 33 15
   Las Vegas, NV                         36 10 20        115 08 37
   Lawrence, Haverhill MA/NH             42 42 16         71 10 08
   Little Rock, North Little Rock, AR    34 44 42         92 16 37
   Lorain, Elyria, OH                    41 28 00         82 11 00
   Los Angeles, Long Beach, CA           34 03 15        118 14 28
   Louisville, KY/IN                     38 14 47         85 45 49
   Madison, WI                           43 04 23         89 22 55
   Melbourne, Cocoa, FL                  28 05 00         80 36 00
   Memphis, TN/AR/MS                     35 08 46         90 03 13
   Miami, FL                             25 46 37         80 11 32
   Milwaukee, WI                         43 02 19         87 54 15
   Minneapolis, St. Paul, MN             44 58 57         93 15 43
   Mobile, AL                            30 41 36         88 02 33
   Nashville, Davidson, TN               36 09 33         86 46 55
   New Haven, CT                         41 18 25         72 55 30
   New Orleans, LA                       29 56 53         90 04 10
   Newport News, Hampton, VA             36 59 30         76 26 00
   New York, NY; Northeastern NJ         40 45 06         73 59 39
   Norfolk, Portsmouth, VA               36 51 10         76 17 21
   Ogden, UT                             41 13 31        111 58 21
   Oklahoma City, OK                     35 28 26         97 31 04
   Omaha, NE/IA                          41 15 42         95 56 14
   Orlando, FL                           28 32 42         81 22 38
   Oxnard, Ventura, Thousand Oaks, CA    34 12 00        119 11 00
   Pennsacola, FL                        30 24 51         87 12 56
   Peoria, IL                            40 41 42         89 35 33
   Philadelphia, PA/NJ                   39 56 58         75 09 21
   Phoenix, AZ                           33 27 12        112 04 28
   Pittsburgh, PA                        40 26 19         80 00 00
   Portland, OR/WA                       45 31 06        122 40 35
   Providence, Pawtucket-Warwick, RI/MA  41 49 32         71 24 41
   Raleigh, NC                           35 46 38         78 38 21
   Richmond, VA                          37 32 15         77 26 09
   Rochester, NY                         43 09 41         77 36 21
   Rockford, IL                          42 16 07         89 05 48
   Sacramento, CA                        38 34 57        121 29 41
   St. Louis, MO/IL                      38 37 45         90 12 22
   St. Petersburg, FL                    27 46 18         82 38 19
   Salt Lake City, UT                    40 45 23        111 53 26
   San Antonio, TX                       29 25 37         98 29 06
   San Bernardino, Riverside, CA         34 06 30        117 17 28
   San Diego, CA                         32 42 53        117 09 21
   San Francisco, Oakland, CA            37 46 39        122 24 40
   San Jose, CA                          37 20 16        121 53 24
   Sarasota, Bradenton, FL               27 20 05         82 32 20
   Scranton, Wilkes-Barre, PA            41 24 32         75 39 46
   Seattle, Everett, WA                  47 36 32        122 20 12
   Shreveport, LA                        32 30 46         93 44 58
   South Bend, IN/MI                     41 40 33         86 15 01
   Spokane, WA                           47 39 32        117 25 33
   Springfield, Chicopee, Holyoke, MA/CT 42 06 21         72 35 32
   Syracuse, NY                          43 03 04         76 09 14
   Tacoma, WA                            47 14 59        122 26 15
   Tampa, FL                             27 56 58         82 27 25
   Toledo, OH/MI                         41 39 14         83 32 39
   Trenton, NJ/PA                        40 13 30         74 45 00
   Tucson, AZ                            32 13 15        110 58 08
   Tulsa, OK                             36 09 12         95 59 34
   Washington, DC/MD/VA                  38 53 51         77 00 33
   West Palm Beach, FL                   26 42 36         80 03 07
   Wichita, KS                           37 41 30         97 20 16
   Wilmington, DE/NJ/MD                  39 44 46         75 32 51
   Worcester, MA                         42 15 37         71 48 17
   Youngstown, Warren, OH                41 05 57         80 39 02
   San Juan, PR                          18 28 00         66 07 00

NOTE 1: This Appendix lists the urbanized areas of 200,000 or more people as
shown in the Bureau of Census News Release of July 27, 1981: "Provisional
Population of Urbanized Areas, 1980."  The geographical coordinates given are
from the Department of Commerce publication of 1947: "Air-Line Distances
Between Cities in the United States" and from data supplied by the National
Geodetic Survey.  The coordinates are determined by using the first city
mentioned in the urbanized area as the center of the urbanized area.

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

                            PART 95, SUBPART E

                         Personal Radio Services

                          Technical Regulations
              (Excerpts of All Portions Pertaining to the GMRS)

                         Effective March 15, 1993

GENERAL PROVISIONS

95.601  Basis and purpose.

These rules provide the technical standards to which each  transmitter
[apparatus that converts electrical energy received from a source into RF
(radio frequency) energy capable of being radiated] used or intended to be
used in a station authorized any of the Personal Radio Services must comply.
They also provide requirements for obtaining type acceptance of such
transmitters. The Personal Radio Services are the GMRS (General Mobile Radio
Service), the R/C (Radio Control Radio Service) and the CB(Citizens Band Radio
Service). For operating rules, see Part 95 Subpart A - GMRS; Subpart C -  R/C;
Subpart D - CB.

95.603  Type acceptance required.


(a) Each  GMRS transmitter (a transmitter that operates or is intended to
operate at a station authorized in the GMRS) must be type accepted.

(b) [Pertains only to the Radio Control Radio Service.]

(c) [Pertains only to the Citizens Band Radio Service.]

95.605  Type acceptance procedure.

Any entity may request type acceptance for its transmitter in one of the
Personal Radio Services, following the applicable type acceptance procedures
in Part 2 of this chapter.

95.607   CB transmitter modification.

[Pertains only to the Citizens Band Radio Service.]

TECHNICAL STANDARDS

95.621 GMRS transmitter channel frequencies.

(a) The GMRS transmitter channel frequencies (reference frequencies from which
the carrier frequency, suppressed or otherwise, may not deviate by more than
the specified frequency tolerance) are

     462.5500, 462.5625, 462.5750, 462.5875, 462.6000, 462.6125, 462.6250,
     462.6375, 462.6500, 462.6625, 462.6750, 462.6875, 462.7000, 462.7125,
     462.7250, 467.5500, 467.5750, 467.6000, 467.6250, 467.6500, 467.6750,
     467.7000  and 467.7250.

Note: Certain GMRS transmitter channel frequencies are authorized only for
certain station classes and station locations.  See Part 95. Subpart A.

(b) Each GMRS transmitter for mobile station, small base station and control
station operation must be maintained within a frequency tolerance of 0.0005%. 
Each GMRS transmitter for base station (except small base), mobile relay
station or fixed station operation must be maintained within a frequency
tolerance of 0.00025%.

95.623  R/C transmitter channel frequencies.

[Pertains only to the Radio Control Radio Service.]

95.625 CB transmitter channel frequencies.

[Pertains only to the Citizens Band Radio Service.]

95.627 Emission types.

(a) A GMRS transmitter must transmit only emission types A1D, F1D, G1D, H1D,
J1D, R1D, A3E, F3E, G3E, H3E, J3E or R3E.  A non-voice emission is limited to
selective calling or tone-operated squelch tones to establish or continue
voice communications.  See 95.181(g) and (h).

(b) [Pertains only to the Radio Control Radio Service.]

(c) [Pertains only to the Citizens Band Radio Service.]

(d) No GMRS or CB transmitter shall employ a digital modulation or emission.

(e) No GMRS. CB or R/C transmitter shall transmit non-voice data.

95.629 Emission bandwidth.

(a) The authorized bandwidth (maximum permissible bandwidth of a transmission)
for emission type H1D, J1D, R1D, H3E, J3E or R3E is 4 kHz.  The authorized
bandwidth for emission type AID or A3E is 8 kHz.  The authorized bandwidth for
emission type F1D, G1D, F3E or G3E is 20 kHz.

(b) [Pertains only to the Radio Control Radio Service.]

95.631 Unwanted radiation.

(a) In addition to the procedures in Part 2, the following requirements apply
to each transmitter both with and without the connection of all attachments
acceptable for use with the transmitter, such as an external speaker,
microphone, power cord, antenna. etc.

(b) The power of each unwanted emission shall be less than TP as specified in
the applicable paragraph:

     Transmitter Emission type                          Applicable paragraphs

     GMRS A1D, A3E, F1D, G1D, F3E, G3E with filtering   (1), (3), (7)

     A1D, A3E, F1D, G1D, F3E, G3E without filtering     (5), (6), (7)

     H1D, J1D, R1D, H3E, J3E, R3E                       (2), (4), (7)  

     NOTE:  Filtering refers to the requirement in 95.633(b).

     .... [Pertains only to the Radio Control and Citizens Band Radio
     Services.]

     NOTE: Unwanted RF radiation may be stated in mean power or in peak
     envelope power, provided it is stated in the same parameter as TP.

     (1) At least 25 dB (decibels) on any frequency removed from the center of
     the authorized bandwidth by more than 50% up to and including 100% of the
     authorized bandwidth.

     (2) At least 25 dB on any frequency removed from the center of the
     authorized bandwidth by more than 50% up to and including 150% of the
     authorized bandwidth,

     (3) At least 35 dB on any frequency removed from the center of the
     authorized bandwidth by more than 100% up to and including 250% of the
     authorized bandwidth.

     (4) At least 35 dB on any frequency removed from the center of the
     authorized bandwidth by more than 150% up to and including 250% of the
     authorized bandwidth.

     (5) At least 83 log10 (fd/5) dB on any frequency removed from the center
     of the authorized bandwidth by a displacement frequency, (fd in kHz), of
     more than 5 kHz up to and including 10 kHz.

     (6) At least 116 log10 (fd/6.l) dB, or if less, 50+10 log10 (TP) dB. on
     any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by a
     displacement frequency, (fd in kHz), of more than 10 kHz up to and
     including 250% of the authorized bandwidth.

     (7) At least 43+log10 (TP) dB on any frequency removed from the center of
     the authorized bandwidth by more than 250%.

     (8) [Pertains only to the Citizens Band Radio Service.]

     (9) [Pertains only to the Citizens Band Radio Service.]

Note: If spurious or harmonic emissions result in harmful interference
(any transmission, radiation or induction that endangers the functioning of a
radionavigation or other safety service or seriously degrades, obstructs or
repeatedly interrupts a radiocommunication service operating in accordance
with applicable laws, treaties and regulations), the FCC may, at its
discretion, require appropriate technical changes in the station equipment to
alleviate the interference, including the use of a low pass filter between the
transmitter antenna terminals and the antenna feed line.

95.633 Modulation standards.

(a) A GMRS transmitter that transmits emission types F1D, G1D, F3E or G3E must
not exceed a peak frequency deviation of plus or minus 5 kHz.

(b) Each GMRS transmitter. except a mobile station transmitter with a power
output of 2.5 W or less, must automatically prevent a greater than normal
audio level from causing overmodulation. The transmitter also must include
audio frequency low pass filtering, unless it complies with the applicable
paragraphs of 95.631 (without filtering). The filter must be between the
modulation limiter and the modulated stage of the transmitter. At any
frequency (f in kHz) between 3 and 20 kHz, the filter must have an attenuation
of at least 60 log10 (f/3) dB greater than the attenuation at 1 kHz. Above 20
kHz, it must have an attenuation of at least 50 dB greater than the
attenuation at 1 kHz.

(c) When emission type A3E is transmitted, the modulation must be greater than
85% but must not exceed 100%.  Simultaneous amplitude modulation and frequency
or phase modulation of a transmitter are not permitted.

(d) [Pertains only to the Citizens Band Radio Service.]

(e) [Pertains only to the Citizens Band Radio Service.]

95.635 Maximum transmitter power.

(a) No GMRS transmitter, under any condition of modulation, shall exceed:

     (1) 50 W  carrier power (average TP during one unmodulated RF cycle) when
     transmitting emission type A1D, F1D, G1D, A3E, F3E or G3E.

     (2) 50 W peak envelope TP when transmitting emission type H1D, JID, R1D,
     H3E, J3E or R3E.

(b) [Pertains only to the Radio Control Radio Service.]

(c) [Pertains only to the Citizens Band Radio Service.]

TYPE ACCEPTANCE REQUIREMENTS

95.641 Control accessibility.

(a) No control, switch or other type of adjustment which, when manipulated,
can result in a violation of the rules shall be accessible from the
transmitter operating panel or from the exterior of the transmitter enclosure.

(b) [Pertains only to the Radio Control Radio Service.]

95.643 R/C transmitter antenna.

[Pertains only to the Radio Control Radio Service.]

95.645 Power capability.

[Pertains only to the Radio Control and the Citizens Band Radio Service.]

95.647 Crystal control required.

All transmitters used in the Personal Radio Services must be crystal
controlled, except a R/C transmitter which transmits in the 26-27 MHz
frequency band.

95.649 Instructions and warnings.

(a) A user's instruction manual must be supplied with each transmitter
marketed, and one copy (a draft or preliminary copy is acceptable provided a
final copy is provided when completed) must be forwarded to the FCC with each
request for type acceptance.

(b) The instruction manual must contain all information necessary for the
proper installation and operation of the transmitter including:

     (1) Instructions concerning all controls, adjustments and switches that
     may be operated or adjusted without resulting in a violation of the
     rules.

     (2) Warnings concerning any adjustment that could result in a violation
     of the rules or that is recommended to be performed by or under the
     immediate supervision and responsibility of a person certified as
     technically qualified to perform transmitter maintenance and repair
     duties in the private land mobile services and fixed services by an
     organization or committee representative of users of those servIces.

     (3) Warnings concerning the replacement of any transmitter component
     (crystal, semiconductor, etc.) that could result in a violation of the
     rules.

     (4) For a GMRS transmitter, warnings concerning licensing requirements
     and information concerning license application procedures.

95.651 Frequency capability.

(a) No transmitter will be type accepted for use in the CB service if it is
equipped with a frequency capability not listed in 95.625, and no transmitter
will be type accepted for use in the GMRS if it is equipped with a frequency
capability not listed in 95.621, unless such transmitter is also type accepted
for use in another radio service for which the frequency is authorized and for
which type acceptance is also required.  (Transmitters with frequency
capability for the Amateur Radio Services, Military Affiliate Radio System and
Civil Air Patrol will not be type accepted.)

(b) All frequency determining circuitry (including crystals) and programming
controls in each CB transmitter and in each GMRS transmitter must be internal
to the transmitter and must not be accessible from the exterior of the
transmitter operating panel or from the exterior of the transmitter enclosure.

(c) [Pertains only to the Citizens Band Radio Service.]

ADDITIONAL TYPE ACCEPTANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR CB TRANSMlTTERS

[Pertains only to the Citizens Band Radio Service.]

Appendix 1 -- Glossary of Terms

The definitions used in Part 95, Subpart E are:

Authorized bandwidth.
    Maximum permissible bandwidth of a transmission.

Carrier power.
    Average TP during one unmodulated RF cycle.

CB.
    Citizens Band Radio Service.

CB transmitter.
    A transmitter that operates or is intended to operate at a station
    authorized in the CB.

Channel frequencies.
    Reference frequencies from which the carrier frequency, suppressed or
    otherwise, may not deviate by more than the specified frequency tolerance.

Crystal.
    Quartz piezo-electric element.

Crystal controlled.
    Use of a crystal to establish the transmitted frequency.

dB.
    Decibels.

FCC.
    Federal Communications Commission.

Filtering.
    Refers to the requirement in 95.633 (b).

GMRS.
    General Mobile Radio Service.

GMRS transmitter.

    A transmitter that operates or is intended to operate at a station
    authorized in the GMRS.

Harmful interference.
    Any transmission. radiation or induction that endangers the functioning of
    a radionavigation or other safety service or seriously degrades, obstructs
    or repeatedly interrupts a radiocommunication service  operating in
    accordance with applicable laws, treaties and regulations.

Mean power.
    TP averaged over at least 30 cycles of the lowest modulating frequency,
    typically 0.1 seconds at maximum power.

Peak envelope power.
    TP averaged during 1 RF cycle at the highest crest of the modulation 
    envelope.

R/C.
    Radio Control Radio Service.

R/C transmitter.
    A transmitter that operates or is intended to operate at a station
    authorized in the R/C.

RF.
    Radio frequency.

Transmitter.
    Apparatus that converts electrical energy received from a source into RF
    energy capable of being radiated.

TP.
    RF transmitter power expressed in W, either mean or peak envelope, as
    measured at the transmitter output antenna terminals.

W.
    Watts.



Phone (510)888-9885 FAX (510)888-9129